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In the first five months, China's foreign non-financial direct investment increased by 2.3% year on

Date: 2022-06-27
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On June 23rd, the statistics released by the national government and social capital cooperation (PPP) comprehensive information platform showed that in May, there were 38 new PPP projects in the management library, with an investment of 57.7 billion yuan, with a year-on-year decrease of 42.4%; 58 construction projects were started, with an investment of 124.7 billion yuan, with a year-on-year increase of 559.3%.

From this year's situation, there are 216 new warehousing projects with an investment of 385.7 billion yuan, with a year-on-year decrease of 15.5%. 355 construction projects were started with an investment of 768.7 billion yuan, with an increase of 213.3% over the same period of last year.

'As an important way of cooperation between the government and the market in the supply-side structural reform, PPP plays an important role in promoting infrastructure, especially people's livelihood infrastructure. Judging from this year's situation, indicators such as new warehousing projects, new contracted projects, and started construction projects have risen and fallen, and the overall development is stable, which plays a more obvious role in stimulating effective investment. ' He Daixin, director of the Financial Research Office of the Institute of Finance and Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said.

According to the statistics of the national PPP comprehensive information platform, since 2014, there have been 10,320 warehousing projects with an investment of 16.4 trillion yuan, which shows that PPP has formed a large-scale market. In April this year, the 11th meeting of the Central Committee of Finance and Economics emphasized that it is necessary to promote the standardized development and sunshine operation of the cooperation mode between the government and social capital, and guide social capital to participate in the investment and operation of municipal facilities. This important deployment further clarifies the direction of PPP reform and development.

Under the general requirement of 'standardized development and sunny operation', PPP has ushered in new development opportunities. The State Council issued the 'Package of Policies and Measures for Solidly Stabilizing the Economy', which clearly encourages and attracts more social capital to participate in major national projects; The General Office of the State Council issued the 'Opinions on Further Revitalizing Existing Assets and Expanding Effective Investment', proposing to promote government and social capital cooperation (PPP) in a standardized and orderly manner.

Recently, some ministries and commissions have successively issued documents to support the application of PPP in related fields. 'In recent years, the PPP model has played a prominent role in stabilizing investment and growth. It is necessary to gradually expand the scope of its role, update the cooperation mode and standardize the operation mode. In particular, the current role of PPP in' double carbon', agriculture, forestry, water conservancy, urban renewal, etc. has very positive significance for stabilizing economic and social development. ' He Daixin said.

Recently, the Ministry of Finance issued the Opinions on Financial Support for Doing a Good Job of Carbon Neutralization in peak carbon dioxide emissions, which clearly stated that various ways should be adopted to support PPP projects in the ecological and environmental fields, and local governments' performance of PPP projects should be regulated. 'After several years of development, eco-environmental PPP projects have been greatly expanded in the depth and breadth of implementation content, from traditional sewage treatment and solid waste treatment to comprehensive treatment of ecological environment, improvement of rural living environment, clean energy, green transportation, reserve forest construction and other energy-saving and carbon-reducing projects are also increasing year by year, and the implementation quality of the projects has been steadily improved.' Zhou Lanping, a partner of Beijing Zhonglun (Shanghai) Law Firm, said.

Zhou Lanping believes that the '14th Five-Year Plan' period is a critical and window period for peak carbon dioxide emissions's work, and the PPP mode should serve the national strategy. 'In excavating and implementing potential projects, we should pay attention to precise efforts, tilt limited resources to key areas, and support major infrastructure and public service projects in areas such as clean low-carbon energy, green and low-carbon transformation of key industries, and enhancement of carbon sink capacity'.

In the field of water conservancy construction, the Ministry of Water Resources specially issued a document to promote the development of PPP mode of water conservancy infrastructure, requiring the government to play a leading role in planning and scientifically planning key areas and project arrangements for water conservancy development; Follow the market rules, improve the market rules, and establish a long-term cooperative relationship between the government and social capital in terms of benefit sharing, risk sharing and long-term cooperation. The relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Water Resources said that this year, the whole country will invest more than 800 billion yuan in water conservancy construction. It is urgent to implement the requirement of 'two-handed efforts', give full play to the role of market mechanism, make more use of financial credit funds and attract social capital to participate in water conservancy construction.

'Water conservancy infrastructure is characterized by a large scale of investment. Under the background that high-speed railways, highways, power facilities and environmental protection facilities are becoming more and more perfect, accelerating the construction of water conservancy infrastructure is of great significance to stabilizing investment and growth. PPP is an important way to effectively integrate financial funds and social capital to participate in infrastructure construction. It can not only improve the investment efficiency of infrastructure, but also promote the market-oriented reform of infrastructure and achieve high-quality development of infrastructure. ' Jin Yongxiang, chairman of Da Yue Consulting Co., Ltd. said.

The Ministry of Water Resources proposes that PPP is mainly used in major national water network projects, intensive conservation and utilization of water resources, rural water supply project construction, river basin flood control project system construction, ecological protection and restoration of rivers and lakes, and intelligent water conservancy construction. Jin Yongxiang believes that the return level of water conservancy infrastructure projects is low, and most of them belong to public welfare projects, which are traditionally dominated by government investment. 'Promoting PPP mode in the field of water conservancy infrastructure is an important starting point for the innovation mechanism of water conservancy public welfare projects. China's PPP practice in the past few decades has proved that public welfare projects such as municipal roads, landscaping and sewage pipe networks have successfully adopted the PPP model, and social capital can fully participate in providing public services under the supervision of the government '.

PPP must be developed in norms and standardized in development. Information platform is an important carrier to manage the whole life cycle of PPP projects, and high-quality information is an important guarantee to realize the standardized development of PPP and sunshine operation. Recently, the General Office of the Ministry of Finance issued a notice to deploy a special action to improve the information quality of the national PPP integrated information platform project. Experts believe that carrying out special actions will help to strengthen information openness and transparency, promote fair competition in the market, standardize the implementation of projects, and ensure the high-quality development of PPP norms.

'After the PPP model has been expanded to more fields, it is especially necessary to standardize the operation. From project establishment, bidding to operation management, the project should be treated equally, open and transparent. In the event of a contract dispute, it is necessary to effectively protect the legitimate rights and interests of all parties. ' He Daixin said.


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